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Betting on black las vegas city life

If the same symbol aligned on the payline on all three reels when they stopped spinning, the player would win a jackpot that varied in size depending on the symbol. The odds were straightforward and not terribly hard to calculate. But where each reel stops is no longer determined by the force of a good pull of the lever. The physical reels are not spinning until they run out of momentum, as it might appear.

Thus it is possible for game designers to reduce the odds of hitting a big jackpot from 1 in 10, to 1 in million. Moreover, it is almost impossible for a slots player to have any idea of the actual odds of winning any jackpot, however large or small. The intent is to give the player the impression of having almost won—when, in fact, he or she is no closer to having won than if the symbol had not appeared on the reel at all. Some slot machines are specifically programmed to offer up this near-miss result far more often than they would if they operated by sheer chance, and the psychological impact can be powerful, leading players to think, I was so close.

Maybe next time. Nelson Rose, a professor at Whittier Law School and the author of Gambling and the Law , has written, Nevada regulations operate on the theory that a sophisticated player would be able to tell the real odds of winning by playing a machine long enough. Research has shown that an elevated number of near-miss results does increase playing time.

Indeed, as early as , B. In the United States, by contrast, the federal government granted the patent for virtual reel mapping in IGT purchased the rights to it in and later licensed the patent to other companies. Of course, classic, spinning-reel slot machines make up only a fraction of the electronic gaming machines available at most casinos. Technology has evolved such that many machines lack physical reels altogether, instead merely projecting the likenesses of spinning symbols onto a video screen.

Instead of betting on one simple payline, players are able to bet on multiple patterns of paylines—as many as on some machines. This allows for more opportunities to win, but the results are often deceptive. You can get to of these false wins, which we also call losses , an hour. Because the machine is telling the player he or she is winning, the gradual siphoning is less noticeable. Related to the video slot machines are video-poker terminals, which IGT began popularizing in The standard five-card-draw game shows five cards, each offering players the option to hold or replace by drawing a card from the 47 remaining in the virtual deck.

The games require more skill—or at least a basic understanding of probabilities—than the slot machines do. As such, they appeal to people who want to have some sense of exerting control over the outcome. They saw, for instance, patrons going more often for four of a kind than the royal flush, a rarer but more lucrative hand, and they adjusted the machines accordingly.

Video poker also offers its own version of losses disguised as wins. Whatever the exact figure, the house odds make it such that if a player plays long enough, she will eventually lose her money. T echnological innovations have not only rendered electronic gaming machines wildly profitable; they have also, according to experts, made them more addictive. A crucial element in modern gambling machines is speed.

Individual hands or spins can be completed in just three or four seconds. For many gambling addicts, the zone itself becomes more desirable even than winning. Players have gone for 14, 15, 16 hours or more playing continuously. They have become so absorbed in the machines that they left their young children unattended in cars, wet themselves without noticing, and neglected to eat for hours.

Casinos and game designers have come up with many ways to keep patrons at their machines and playing rapidly. The chairs are ergonomically designed so that someone can sit comfortably for long stretches. Winnings can be converted back to credits or printed on vouchers to be redeemed later. Waitresses come by to take drink orders, obviating the need for players to get up at all. Public-policy advocates compare slot machines to cigarettes. Both, they claim, are products specifically and deliberately engineered to have addictive properties that are known to hook users.

Eubanks was the lead counsel for the Justice Department in successful federal litigation against the tobacco industry between and She joined Noffsinger in representing Stacy Stevens after he convinced her that the deception used by the gambling industry paralleled that of the tobacco industry. The data they track in real time on player cards alert them to these pain points: a big loss, for instance, or when credits start to run low after a dry run.

Hosts are also on the lookout for telling behavior, such as someone striking a machine in frustration or slumping over it in discouragement. When hosts spot someone in a state like this, they may swoop in and offer a voucher for some free credits, a drink, or perhaps a meal in the restaurant, where the player can take a break until the resistance passes and he can resume gambling. When players do exhaust all their funds, casinos will sometimes loan them additional money.

In , she spent an entire night gambling at Caesars Riverboat Casino, drinking strong alcoholic beverages provided for free. When she eventually came to the end of her money playing blackjack, the casino offered her a counter check, basically a promissory note, to enable her to keep playing. She signed the check and gambled away the money. That happened five more times. Noffsinger countersued on her behalf. Experts say casinos should be aware that when they extend credit to losing patrons, they are by definition enabling problem gamblers.

Casinos might similarly be held liable for the financial consequences suffered by gamblers to whom they extend credit beyond a certain limit. In , the widow of a man who killed himself after racking up insurmountable debt at a Mississippi casino sued the casino under an extrapolation of dramshop laws. So far, no U. Nor should they, according to the gambling industry. Nothing of that sort exists to measure what the level is to have gambled too much. Mountaineer Casino and IGT both declined repeated requests for comment.

It does not, however, prevent them from losing money if they visit a casino despite the restriction. Some experts believe self-exclusion lists are not effective, because they seem to be erratically enforced. Despite the presence of sophisticated surveillance technology, patrons are not routinely screened for their self-exclusion status.

Given that casino operators and slot-machine manufacturers are adamant that the blame for gambling addiction resides with the individual, it is not surprising that research by the industry-funded National Center for Responsible Gaming favors studies directed toward confirming this conclusion. Members of the board of directors, she asserts, do not make research decisions, and the center has a separate scientific advisory board. She says that the problem is rooted in the individual.

Independent research not funded by the NCRG has shown how false wins, near misses, and other such features influence gamblers, especially the way they perceive expected outcomes. Most of them are making correct conclusions based on deceptive information. Keith Whyte, the executive director of the National Council on Problem Gambling, says that although the industry should have a role in research and public-education efforts, it cannot be effective on its own.

The group, which maintains a neutral stance toward legal gambling, receives a large share of its funding from the industry. A lmost a decade after the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act launched the dramatic expansion of casino gambling into new jurisdictions, the federal government appointed a commission to study the impact of the proliferation. Despite that warning, states have been unable to resist the continued expansion of casino gambling.

One reason for the ongoing growth is the financial clout of the industry itself. Many states provide tribal casinos with regional monopolies in exchange for revenues skimmed off the top of casino profits—as much as 30 to 40 percent in some places. Kansas actually owns the games and operations of nontribal casinos. New Jersey, Delaware, and Rhode Island have all provided financial bailouts to faltering casinos.

Communities typically build casinos based on a mirage of false promises: that they will provide jobs, fund schools, and boost the local economy. It should not be allowed by anyone, anywhere, anytime. In defense of its products and practices, the gambling industry insists that it is heavily regulated and therefore safe.

Nelson Rose, the author of Gambling and the Law. Each state in which gambling is legal has set up its own commission to regulate the industry, but there seems to be a symbiotic relationship between regulators and the industry. Many gaming-commission members—including those who approve applications for casino licenses—are advised by consultants for private companies also on casino payrolls.

Yet such essential disclosure is not required of electronic gaming machines. As it happens, the Nevada State Gaming Control Board addressed exactly this question during its hearings on virtual-reel technology. They seem unwilling to deal with the social costs.

Essentially what the West Virginia Supreme Court has said is that gambling interests in West Virginia are immune from liability. Former West Virginia House Majority Leader Rick Staton has expressed regret over his role in expanding legalized gambling in the state. There have been more people who have lost a lot of money, there have been more people who have had to file bankruptcy, there have been more people who have embezzled, there have been more people who have committed suicide.

And that, according to several experts, is what it will probably take—a court trial, which would open access to private industry documents. They cannot afford to have that made public, because it would confirm what everybody knows: that one- to two-thirds of their income comes from the roughly 10 to 20 percent of their customers who are pathological and problem gamblers.

The more lawyers read about it, the more they are going to start smelling blood in the water. It just takes for a case to be brought up in the right jurisdiction. A photograph of him later that week, when he was deep-sea fishing in Cabo San Lucas, a place that usually brought him happiness, reveals the heaviness in his expression—his eyes defeated, his smile gone. In the months after he was fired, Stevens tried taking the antidepressant Paxil and saw a therapist, but he did not admit to Stacy that he was still gambling almost every day.

As spring turned into summer, he knew that charges from the IRS were forthcoming following its investigation into his embezzlement and that even after serving time in prison, he would likely still be on the hook for the hundreds of thousands of dollars he owed in back taxes and penalties.

His former employer seemed close to pressing charges, having put the police on notice. He would never be able to work in the financial sector again. Once the affair hit the papers, his family would be dragged through the gantlet of small-town gossip and censure. He could see no way to spare them other than to sacrifice himself. By mid-afternoon on August 13, , Stacy had started to worry. Please come home. Stevens had just called him.

Bender had tried to talk him out of killing himself, but Stevens had hung up. Bender said he would call They found Stevens sitting on the railroad tie by his Jeep. Skip to content. Sign in My Account Subscribe. The Atlantic Crossword. The Print Edition. Latest Issue Past Issues. How Casinos Enable Gambling Addicts Modern slot machines develop an unbreakable hold on many players—some of whom wind up losing their jobs, their families, and even, as in the case of Scott Stevens, their lives.

Story by John Rosengren December Issue. Politics and Nation. Company Corporate Trends. Defence National International Industry. International UAE. Saudi Arabia. US Elections World News. ET Evoke. Elections Lok Sabha. Assembly Elections. ET Explains. Binoy Prabhakar.

Font Size Abc Small. Abc Medium. Abc Large. ET Bureau. Crimson-red clouds that hang over the city are about to bow to a neon-drenched skyline dominated by the casinos of some of the biggest names in gambling, MGM, Caesars and Wynn. It must be the temperature: the sun is still poking through and the city is under a spell of warm weather.

Moments earlier, they had arrived in a limousine that stretched a tad longer than a Delhi HoHo bus. They waltz through the casino floor, but it soon becomes clear that gambling is not on their minds. In many ways, these women tell the story of Las Vegas in the last decade. Once the gambling capital of the US and the world, Vegas has in recent years morphed into a raucous party zone. Oversize luxury hotel rooms larded with wrap-around terraces and glass chandeliers along with an arresting display of cocktail bars, restaurants and upscale retail outlets attract a young demographic who prefers partying to gambling.

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Modern slot machines develop an unbreakable hold on many players—some of whom wind up losing their jobs, their families, and even, as in the case of Scott Stevens, their lives.

Betting on black las vegas city life Instead of betting on one simple payline, players are able to bet on multiple patterns of paylines—as many as on some machines. December 28, This will alert our moderators to take action. Mandalay Bay Events Center 12, Clark enlisted Utah's U. The average household size was 2. District Court for Nebraska agreed that Colombo had sufficiently proved its initial claim of unjust enrichment, which the casino would have to defend itself against.
Betting on black las vegas city life Elections Lok Sabha. Company Corporate Trends. It does not, however, prevent them from losing money if they visit a casino despite the restriction. Downtown Las Vegas's Fremont Street is named after him. However, because of tensions rising between leaders of the small Mormon community, the summer heat and difficulty growing crops, the missionaries returned to Utah inabandoning the fort. US 93 splits from I northeast of Las Vegas and goes north through the eastern part of the state, serving Ely and Wells.
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Located on approximately six acres two blocks away from the Strip and across from the Las Vegas Convention Center, the project is set to start construction this July, according to its official site. While it may not have the trademark casino soundtrack of slot machines ringing and table game players rejoicing, the resort will still have many aspects that are mainstay features of Vegas properties, especially in terms of dining, hotel, and wellness options. Six freestanding restaurants will also be located in a European-like piazza around a courtyard with dancing fountains and live entertainment.

The outdoor pool overlooking the Strip will have 50 cabanas, plus live entertainment and Turkish coffee offerings. Meanwhile, the 70,square-foot medical wellness spa on four floors will have everything from comprehensive physicals to spa treatments, as well as personalized nutritional menus.

Majestic purchased the property at Convention Center Drive, where the Clarion Hotel sat, in and imploded the structure in A groundbreaking ceremony is set for this upcoming July 4. The new project appears to be a major step in Vegas properties redefining their own brands. By Rachel Chang February 03, Despite laws passed against gaming in , illegal gambling took place in Las Vegas before a new law legalized all gaming in Las Vegas expanded gaming operations to large casinos in the late s.

Betting limits function as a check on individual losses as well as winnings. Gamblers have the opportunity to enjoy gaming, while keeping losses and winnings at one table to a minimum. The American Psychiatric Association recognizes pathological gambling as a type of impulse disorder.

Lack of control over gambling is a distinct medical condition, according to the group, that frequently accompanies chemical addiction and depression. Betting limits assist in checking the impulsive behavior associated with pathological gambling. The limits also control the losses for the casino, also known as the house.

While many visitors to Las Vegas focus on the slots, games like craps, blackjack and baccarat draw the more serious gamers. Betting limits vary by the type of gaming. Blackjack card game tables offer various game limits. Initial minimum bets are regulated, as is the amount of each individual bet. The betting amount is called the "stake limit. The more upscale the casino, the higher the stake limits, although most casinos have at least one or two minimal bet gaming tables. Las Vegas betting limits are also regulated by the amount of cash converted into gaming chips each day.

Circumvention of this type of betting limit is easy to accomplish by allowing others to convert cash for an individual gamer. High rollers invited for high stakes play in special gaming rooms are encouraged to wager, and limits are not imposed on this group.

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I like placing a larger bet at the sportsbook but it can be painful to watch! I don't bet more than I can afford on a given trip or bet. I don't need a "rush" to risk a significant blow to my bankroll. I don't get too more crazy than that. If it goes I do not dip in for more. Long story short he lost the hand and walked away and never saw him again. The 2nd time was at Mandalay Bay and I lost.

I've seen friends go big and that was a rush itself. Craziest story involving that ever. That is crazy to me. Once I went on a hot streak though at the Majectic Star in Gary Indiana - formerly the Trump Casino interesting choice for a Trump Casino in the middle of the iron works on Easter there is so much wrong with all the above with my gf and her dad. I kept winning and she was rolling.

I kept leaving whatever I won on the come bet for 13 rolls in a row and never stopped winning. He actually hit on the Yo at 30x bet during this session. The pit boss cam and asked for ID's stopped our playing, and we just quit because everyone at the table got mad. I truly believe that the pit bosses try to throw shade on the winners. I bet most of us can remember where we were the first time the dealer called out: "cheques play" on our wagers.

It has more to do with your bet spread than your actual wager. Skip to main content. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers. Put it all on black Crazy Betting. Watch this Topic. Browse forums All Browse by destination. Las Vegas forums. All forums. Level Contributor. Report inappropriate content. Related: What are the most popular tours in Las Vegas? See all. Best Seller.

Re: Put it all on black Ask a question. Corona Virus am The Linq??????? See All Las Vegas Conversations. View Hotel. Bellagio Las Vegas. The Venetian Resort. Caesars Palace. Paris Las Vegas. Majestic Las Vegas is hoping to buck the very idea of Sin City by becoming a non-gambling, non-smoking luxury resort when it opens in Located on approximately six acres two blocks away from the Strip and across from the Las Vegas Convention Center, the project is set to start construction this July, according to its official site.

While it may not have the trademark casino soundtrack of slot machines ringing and table game players rejoicing, the resort will still have many aspects that are mainstay features of Vegas properties, especially in terms of dining, hotel, and wellness options. Six freestanding restaurants will also be located in a European-like piazza around a courtyard with dancing fountains and live entertainment. The outdoor pool overlooking the Strip will have 50 cabanas, plus live entertainment and Turkish coffee offerings.

Meanwhile, the 70,square-foot medical wellness spa on four floors will have everything from comprehensive physicals to spa treatments, as well as personalized nutritional menus. Majestic purchased the property at Convention Center Drive, where the Clarion Hotel sat, in and imploded the structure in A groundbreaking ceremony is set for this upcoming July 4. The new project appears to be a major step in Vegas properties redefining their own brands.

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When he headed to the casino, he told her he was going to see his therapist, that he was networking, that he had other appointments. When money appeared from his occasional wins, he claimed that he had been doing some online trading. Afterward, Stacy studied gambling addiction and the ways slot machines entice customers to part with their money. In , she filed a lawsuit against both Mountaineer Casino and International Game Technology, the manufacturer of the slot machines her husband played.

At issue was the fundamental question of who killed Scott Stevens. Did he die because he was unable to rein in his own addictive need to gamble? Or was he the victim—as the suit alleged—of a system carefully calibrated to prey upon his weakness, one that robbed him of his money, his hope, and ultimately his life?

But since Congress passed the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act in , tribal and commercial casinos have rapidly proliferated across the country, with some 1, now operating in 40 states. The preferred mode of gambling these days is electronic gaming machines, of which there are now almost 1 million nationwide, offering variations on slots and video poker.

Their prevalence has accelerated addiction and reaped huge profits for casino operators. And, despite the popularity of slot machines and the decades of innovation surrounding them, when adjusted for inflation, there has not been a significant increase in the amount spent by customers on slot-machine gambling during an average casino visit. Noffsinger, 72, has been here before. A soft-spoken personal-injury attorney based in Indiana, he has filed two previous lawsuits against casinos.

In , he sued Aztar Indiana Gaming, of Evansville, on behalf of David Williams, then 51 years old, who had been an auditor for the State of Indiana. But the U. Four years later, Noffsinger filed a suit on behalf of Jenny Kephart, then 52 years old, against Caesars Riverboat Casino, in Elizabeth, Indiana, alleging that the casino, aware that Kephart was a pathological gambler, knowingly enticed her into gambling in order to profit from her addiction.

Kephart had filed for bankruptcy after going broke gambling in Iowa, and moved to Tennessee. When the casino sued her for damages on the money she owed, Kephart countersued. Unlike in his earlier gambling cases, however, he decided to include a products-liability claim in this one, essentially arguing that slot machines are knowingly designed to deceive players so that when they are used as intended, they cause harm.

In focusing on the question of product liability, Noffsinger was borrowing from the rule book of early antitobacco litigation strategy, which, over the course of several decades and countless lawsuits, ultimately succeeded in getting courts to hold the industry liable for the damage it wrought on public health.

When Noffsinger filed the Stevens lawsuit, John W. E ven by the estimates of the National Center for Responsible Gaming, which was founded by industry members, 1. That is more than the number of women living in the U. Others outside the industry estimate the number of gambling addicts in the country to be higher.

Such addicts simply cannot stop themselves, regardless of the consequences. Gambling is a drug-free addiction. Yet despite the fact that there is no external chemical at work on the brain, the neurological and physiological reactions to the stimulus are similar to those of drug or alcohol addicts. Some gambling addicts report that they experience a high resembling that produced by a powerful drug.

Like drug addicts, they develop a tolerance, and when they cannot gamble, they show signs of withdrawal such as panic attacks, anxiety, insomnia, headaches, and heart palpitations. Neuroscientists have discovered characteristics that appear to be unique to the brains of addicts, particularly in the dopaminergic system, which includes reward pathways, and in the prefrontal cortex, which exerts executive control over impulses.

Gambling addicts may have a genetic predisposition, though a specific marker has not yet been uncovered. Environmental factors and personality traits—a big gambling win within the past year, companions who gamble regularly, impulsivity, depression—may also contribute to the development of a gambling problem.

Given the guilt and shame involved, gambling addiction frequently progresses to a profound despair. The National Council on Problem Gambling estimates that one in five gambling addicts attempts suicide—the highest rate among addicts of any kind. There are no accurate figures for suicides related to gambling problems, but there are ample anecdotes: the police officer who shot himself in the head at a Detroit casino; the accountant who jumped to his death from a London skyscraper in despair over his online-gambling addiction; the year-old student who killed himself in Las Vegas after losing his financial-aid money to gambling; and, of course, Stevens himself.

P roblem gamblers are worth a lot of money to casinos. According to some research, 20 percent of regular gamblers are problem or pathological gamblers. Moreover, when they gamble, they spend—which is to say, lose—more than other players. At least nine independent studies demonstrate that problem gamblers generate anywhere from 30 to 60 percent of total gambling revenues.

Casinos know exactly who their biggest spenders are. According to a article in Time magazine, back in the s casino operators bought records from credit-card companies and mailing lists from direct-mail marketers. These days, the casinos have their own internal methods for determining who their most attractive customers are. Each time a patron hits the Spin or the Deal button, which can be as frequently as to 1, times an hour, the casino registers the data.

In some machines, miniature cameras watch their faces and track their playing behavior. Several companies supply casinos with ATMs that allow patrons to withdraw funds through both debit and cash-advance functions, in some cases without ever leaving the machines they are playing.

Some of the companies also sell information on their ATM customers to the casinos. All of these data have enabled casinos to specifically target their most reliable spenders, primarily problem gamblers and outright addicts. They also employ hosts who befriend large spenders and use special offers to encourage them to stay longer or return soon. Some hosts receive bonuses that are tied to the amount customers spend beyond their expected losses, which are calculated using the data gathered from previous visits.

The business plan for casinos is based on the addicted gambler. It increased the limits on some slot machines so that she could spend more on single games. It also made a new machine off-limits to other customers so that Richardson could be the first to play it. Management assigned Richardson an executive host, who offered her free drinks, meals, hotel stays, and tickets to entertainment events.

In , Richardson, then 54, was sentenced to 14 to 20 years in prison for the crime. The thefts ultimately put the company out of business. A representative for Ameristar Casino declined to comment on the lawsuit. The U. District Court for Nebraska agreed that Colombo had sufficiently proved its initial claim of unjust enrichment, which the casino would have to defend itself against.

W alk into the Mountaineer Casino in West Virginia, and the slot machines overwhelm you—more than 1, of them, lights blinking, animated screens flashing, the simulated sound of clinking coins blaring across the floor.

But the vast majority sit at the slot machines. Slots and video poker have become the lifeblood of the American casino. They generate nearly 70 percent of casino revenues, according to a American Gaming Association report, up from 45 percent four decades ago. Three out of five casino visitors say their favorite activity is playing electronic gaming machines.

Their popularity spells profits not only for casinos but for manufacturers as well. Old-fashioned three-reel slot machines consisted of physical reels that were set spinning by the pull of a lever. If the same symbol aligned on the payline on all three reels when they stopped spinning, the player would win a jackpot that varied in size depending on the symbol. The odds were straightforward and not terribly hard to calculate. But where each reel stops is no longer determined by the force of a good pull of the lever.

The physical reels are not spinning until they run out of momentum, as it might appear. Thus it is possible for game designers to reduce the odds of hitting a big jackpot from 1 in 10, to 1 in million. Moreover, it is almost impossible for a slots player to have any idea of the actual odds of winning any jackpot, however large or small. The intent is to give the player the impression of having almost won—when, in fact, he or she is no closer to having won than if the symbol had not appeared on the reel at all.

Some slot machines are specifically programmed to offer up this near-miss result far more often than they would if they operated by sheer chance, and the psychological impact can be powerful, leading players to think, I was so close. Maybe next time. Nelson Rose, a professor at Whittier Law School and the author of Gambling and the Law , has written, Nevada regulations operate on the theory that a sophisticated player would be able to tell the real odds of winning by playing a machine long enough.

Research has shown that an elevated number of near-miss results does increase playing time. Indeed, as early as , B. In the United States, by contrast, the federal government granted the patent for virtual reel mapping in IGT purchased the rights to it in and later licensed the patent to other companies.

Of course, classic, spinning-reel slot machines make up only a fraction of the electronic gaming machines available at most casinos. Technology has evolved such that many machines lack physical reels altogether, instead merely projecting the likenesses of spinning symbols onto a video screen. Instead of betting on one simple payline, players are able to bet on multiple patterns of paylines—as many as on some machines.

This allows for more opportunities to win, but the results are often deceptive. You can get to of these false wins, which we also call losses , an hour. Because the machine is telling the player he or she is winning, the gradual siphoning is less noticeable. Related to the video slot machines are video-poker terminals, which IGT began popularizing in The standard five-card-draw game shows five cards, each offering players the option to hold or replace by drawing a card from the 47 remaining in the virtual deck.

The games require more skill—or at least a basic understanding of probabilities—than the slot machines do. As such, they appeal to people who want to have some sense of exerting control over the outcome. They saw, for instance, patrons going more often for four of a kind than the royal flush, a rarer but more lucrative hand, and they adjusted the machines accordingly. Video poker also offers its own version of losses disguised as wins. Whatever the exact figure, the house odds make it such that if a player plays long enough, she will eventually lose her money.

T echnological innovations have not only rendered electronic gaming machines wildly profitable; they have also, according to experts, made them more addictive. A crucial element in modern gambling machines is speed. Individual hands or spins can be completed in just three or four seconds.

For many gambling addicts, the zone itself becomes more desirable even than winning. Players have gone for 14, 15, 16 hours or more playing continuously. They have become so absorbed in the machines that they left their young children unattended in cars, wet themselves without noticing, and neglected to eat for hours. Casinos and game designers have come up with many ways to keep patrons at their machines and playing rapidly.

The chairs are ergonomically designed so that someone can sit comfortably for long stretches. Winnings can be converted back to credits or printed on vouchers to be redeemed later. Waitresses come by to take drink orders, obviating the need for players to get up at all. Public-policy advocates compare slot machines to cigarettes. Both, they claim, are products specifically and deliberately engineered to have addictive properties that are known to hook users.

Eubanks was the lead counsel for the Justice Department in successful federal litigation against the tobacco industry between and She joined Noffsinger in representing Stacy Stevens after he convinced her that the deception used by the gambling industry paralleled that of the tobacco industry. The data they track in real time on player cards alert them to these pain points: a big loss, for instance, or when credits start to run low after a dry run.

Hosts are also on the lookout for telling behavior, such as someone striking a machine in frustration or slumping over it in discouragement. When hosts spot someone in a state like this, they may swoop in and offer a voucher for some free credits, a drink, or perhaps a meal in the restaurant, where the player can take a break until the resistance passes and he can resume gambling.

A growing population means the Las Vegas Valley used 1. Although water conservation efforts implemented in the wake of a drought have had some success, local water consumption remains 30 percent more than in Los Angeles, and over three times that of San Francisco metropolitan area residents. By law, the Las Vegas Water Service District "may deny any request for a water commitment or request for a water connection if the District has an inadequate supply of water.

The city is home to an extensive Downtown Arts District , which hosts numerous galleries and events including the annual Las Vegas Film Festival. The Smith Center for the Performing Arts is situated downtown in Symphony Park and hosts various Broadway shows and other artistic performances.

Las Vegas has earned the moniker "Gambling Capital of the World", as the city currently has the largest number of land-based casinos in the world. Two minor league sports teams play in the Las Vegas area. Las Vegas has 68 parks. It is also responsible for playgrounds, 23 softball fields, 10 football fields, 44 soccer fields, 10 dog parks, six community centers, four senior centers, skates parks, six swimming pools, and more.

The city of Las Vegas government operates as a council—manager government. The Mayor sits as a Council member-at-large and presides over all of the city council meetings. The City Manager is responsible for the administration and the day-to-day operations of all municipal services and city departments. The City Manager maintains intergovernmental relationships with federal, state, county and other local governments.

Much of the Las Vegas metropolitan area is split into neighboring incorporated cities or unincorporated communities. Approximately , people live in unincorporated areas governed by Clark County , and another , live in incorporated cities such as North Las Vegas , Henderson and Boulder City.

A Paiute Indian reservation occupies about 1 acre 0. Las Vegas, home to the Lloyd D. George Federal District Courthouse and the Regional Justice Center, draws numerous companies providing bail, marriage, divorce, tax, incorporation and other legal services. Primary and secondary public education is provided by the Clark County School District , which is the fifth most populous school district in the nation.

Students totaled , in grades K for school year — The College of Southern Nevada the third largest community college in the United States by enrollment is the main higher education facility in the city. Las Vegas is served by 22 television stations and 46 radio stations. In , About 11 percent commuted via carpool, 3. About 2. About 4. The national average was 8.

Las Vegas averaged 1. Many are maintained by the Nevada Department of Transportation as state highways. The street numbering system is divided by the following streets:. Interstates 15, , and US 95 lead out of the city in four directions. Route 95 — cross in downtown Las Vegas. US 93 splits from I northeast of Las Vegas and goes north through the eastern part of the state, serving Ely and Wells.

A partial beltway has been built, consisting of Interstate on the south and Clark County on the west and north. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest city in Nevada. This article is about the city proper. For the metropolitan area, see Las Vegas Valley. For the tourist destination, see Las Vegas Strip.

For other uses, see Las Vegas disambiguation. For other uses, see Vegas disambiguation. City in Nevada, United States. Location within Clark County. Main article: Downtown Nevada gaming area. Main article: Las Vegas Strip. See also: List of tallest buildings in Las Vegas. Main article: Sports in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Clark County School District. Main article: Transportation in Las Vegas. Main article: List of people from Las Vegas. United States portal. VOA News. March 13, Retrieved January 29, NBC News. Retrieved February 4, Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, Retrieved March 9, Census Bureau.

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